“It is chronic water shortage in the body that causes most of the diseases of the human body”
- F. Batmanghelidj in “Your Body’s Many Cries for Water”
The average U.S. citizen drinks 58 gallons of water per year, which translates to 20 fl. oz. (0.6 liters) per day. The adequate daily intake is estimated at:
- 74 fl. oz. (2.2 liters) per day for women
- 101 fl. oz. (3 liters) per day for men
No wonder most people today struggle with chronic health problems when the majority of people drink 70% less water than they should.
Data Source: The Atlantic
At least the average person is now drinking more water than soda, which wasn’t always the case.
As you probably know, water builds approximately 75% of the human body. Water is present in every tissue, so dehydration affects all systems in the body and decreases their performance.
Symptoms of chronic dehydration can include:
- Decreased physical performance
- Joint-related problems
- Mood swings
- Hormonal imbalances
- Fat gain
- Decreased immune system performance
The following sections explain how water prevents those problems and refer you to more information relating to the problems you want to address.
Water and Physical Performance
Water has several roles that affect your physical performance. Adequate hydration maintains a high level of physical performance because water:
- increases breathing potential and helps the lungs perform better.
- increases tolerance to elevated core temperature.
- improves the sweating rate to dissipate more heat.
- decreases the rate of glycogen use so that your muscles can perform more high-intensity work.
Losing as little as 3% of water relative to your body weight affects those systems and reduces both aerobic and high-intensity performance capacity. Significant dehydration (5-8% or more) decreases endurance by more than 50% and makes high-intensity work nearly impossible.
Data Source: Sport Nutrition (2nd ed.) An Introduction to Energy Production and Performance
The reductions in physical performance you see in the graph apply only to mild climates. Hot and humid climates reduce physical performance even in well-hydrated athletes, so environmental conditions combined with dehydration decrease physical performance.
The effects of dehydration on physical performance are immediate, but it may take several days to recover from one instance of dehydration. That’s why you want to reach your recommended daily water intake every single day.
If you are physically active, follow the steps in the article “Hydration and Electrolyte Replenishment During Exercise” to calculate your baseline water intake and the required water intake during exercise.
If you lead a sedentary lifestyle, you can also refer to that article and calculate your daily water requirement without adjusting for physical activity.
Water Protects the Joints
Although water builds only 22% of the bones, it helps joints function better by:
- lubricating the joints to prevent damage during movement
- preventing sedimentation that will damage joint health and range of motion
However, increasing water intake is beneficial even for people who already have certain medical conditions:
- Arthritis: In addition to lubricating the joints, increasing water intake can also reduce inflammation that causes severe chronic pain in rheumatoid arthritis patients (Source).
- Gout: If the body can’t flush the excessive uric acid, it will crystallize in the joints and increase the risk for a gout attack. It is estimated that only 5 glasses of water per day can decrease the risk of gout attacks by 40% (Source).
- Other: You can never go wrong with drinking enough water to meet the recommended daily requirements. Your body will be grateful.
The following sections will be added on a weekly basis (not necessarily in this order):
- How water improves weight loss
- Water and your immune system
- Water and sleep patterns
- Water and mood regulation
- How water affects the hormones
- Water and the nervous system
Improve Drinking Water Quality to Improve Health
Drinking enough water is important, but the quality of your drinking water is also critical for health. To learn how you can improve the quality of your water home, read about the different ways to purify water at home and while traveling.